File:Tolkien 1916.jpg

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Tolkien_1916.jpg(327 × 473 pixels, file size: 99 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

This file is from Wikimedia Commons and may be used by other projects. The description on its file description page there is shown below.

J. R. R. Tolkien (aged 24) in army uniform, photograph taken in 1916.

Tolkien was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Lancashire Fusiliers in July 1915. He trained with the 13th (Reserve) Battalion on Cannock Chase, Staffordshire, for eleven months. He was transferred to the 11th (Service) Battalion with the British Expeditionary Force, arriving in France on 4 June 1916.

  • The photo dates to 1916, but was published only in 1977. It may be in the public domain in some countries (which ones?), but possibly not in the UK.
  • This photograph was published in the UK in 1977 in J. R. R. Tolkien - a biography, by Humphrey Carpenter. No credit given.
  • immediate source:
  • the below tag assumes (without any evidence either way) that the anonymous "author" (presumably a professional photographer) died more than 70 years ago. What is the copyright situation for "family photographs" taken by professional photographers? Does the lifetime of the photographer count, or the lifetime of the person commissioning the photograph?

Public domain

This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less.

Dialog-warning.svg You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the public domain in the United States. Note that a few countries have copyright terms longer than 70 years: Mexico has 100 years, Jamaica has 95 years, Colombia has 80 years, and Guatemala and Samoa have 75 years. This image may not be in the public domain in these countries, which moreover do not implement the rule of the shorter term. Côte d'Ivoire has a general copyright term of 99 years and Honduras has 75 years, but they do implement the rule of the shorter term. Copyright may extend on works created by French who died for France in World War II (more information), Russians who served in the Eastern Front of World War II (known as the Great Patriotic War in Russia) and posthumously rehabilitated victims of Soviet repressions (more information).

derivative works

Derivative works of this file: Tolkien 1916-2.jpg

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current19:12, 27 Oketopa 2015Thumbnail for version as of 19:12, 27 Oketopa 2015327 × 473 (99 KB)Hohumrv, not an improvement
17:16, 15 Māehe 2014Thumbnail for version as of 17:16, 15 Māehe 2014327 × 473 (107 KB)DIREKTORFixed tone.
15:49, 1 Māehe 2013Thumbnail for version as of 15:49, 1 Māehe 2013327 × 473 (99 KB)C-8Reverted to version as of 03:00, 10 January 2012 - includs not so much noise, hope 's ok?
03:16, 10 Hānuere 2012Thumbnail for version as of 03:16, 10 Hānuere 2012327 × 487 (112 KB)Poke2001Better one
03:00, 10 Hānuere 2012Thumbnail for version as of 03:00, 10 Hānuere 2012327 × 473 (99 KB)Poke2001Improvements by Poke2001
09:23, 1 Noema 2010Thumbnail for version as of 09:23, 1 Noema 2010327 × 473 (39 KB)Renamed user KdYpUvMgTi can't really decide which is better
06:16, 1 Noema 2010Thumbnail for version as of 06:16, 1 Noema 2010327 × 473 (72 KB)Renamed user KdYpUvMgTFidelity is lost with the noise reduction
05:29, 15 Noema 2006Thumbnail for version as of 05:29, 15 Noema 2006327 × 473 (39 KB)IainfAdjusted contrast and reduced noise.
04:43, 15 Noema 2006Thumbnail for version as of 04:43, 15 Noema 2006327 × 473 (40 KB)David Levybetter version, derived from
16:03, 29 Māehe 2005Thumbnail for version as of 16:03, 29 Māehe 2005250 × 353 (25 KB)Geraldstiehler~commonswikiJ. R. R. Tolkien, 1916 *b/w photograph of Tolkien in army uniform. *Source: [ Svedisch Wikipedia] {{puclic domain}}

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