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Ka Toto

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Ānei te ingoa o te kiriata, ko Ka Toto

Ko Ka Toto (Ingoa i te reo Ingarahi: There Will Be Blood) tētahi kiriata whakaari whakamataku nō Amerika i hanga i te tau 2007, nā Paul Thomas Anderson i tuhi me tohu. Ka whakaohooho tangatanga noa iho te kiriata e te pukapuka, ko Hinu! (Ingoa i te reo Ingarahi: Oil!), nā Upton Sinclair. Ka Daniel Day-Lewis te tuahangata e haka, ko Daniel Plainview tōna ingoa; he kaihaurapa hiriwa i te wā kua hipa, ka whai hoki ia te rawa o hinu urutapu i te angtitūtanga hinu urutapu kei roto i Karapōnia, i te tīmatatanga o te rautau rua tekau. Ko Paul Dano, Kevin J. O'Connor, Ciarán Hinds, me Dillon Freasier, kei roto rātou hoki i te kiriata.

Ka whakaputahia te kiriata e te Kamapene Kiriata Ghourlardi, ā, ka tuaritia e Paramount Vintage me Ngā Kiriata Miramax. Ki te 2008 Hui Ahurei Kiriata-o-Makau-Rau-Whenua i Pearīni, i whiwhi a Ka Toto te Pea Hiriwa mā te Ringa Tohu pai atu o te tau. I whiwhi te kiriata hoki tētahi whakamānawa motuhake mā te titonga tōpū, nā Johnny Greenwood e hanga. I hanga te kiriata kei roto i Tekahaha nō te pūtea o NZD$38.7 miriona, ā, ka whiwhi he utu o $118 miriona.

He tino pai ki a ngā kaarotake te kiriata Ka Toto mā te toi pikitia, te tohu o Anderson, te tuhinga, titonga tōpū, me te mahi o Day-Lewis me Dano hoki. Ka whiwhi a Day Lewis he pio o ngā whakamānawa, ko te Oscar hei te tino kiriwhakaari tāne. E ki a he maha o te kaarotake, ko Ka Toto tētahi tino pai atu kiriata o tēnei rautau katoa.

He Pakiwaitara[takatā | takatā pūtake]

I te tau 1898, ka pāhua atu hoki te konganuku o te tangata whenua o Amerika e te Pākehā. Ka kite rā a tētahi Pākehā Amerika, ko Daniel Plainview, he hirawa kei haurapa kau ana ia kei roto i tōna maina ki Mēhiko Hou. E mea ana ia kia hoki atu ki te whenua, engari, ka hinga iho ia, ā, ka tāwhatiwhati tōna waewae. I kūmea ia tonu tōna tīnana mai i te rua, he anake. Kātahi, ka mau a Matua Daniel te hirawa ki tētahi whare arotake o konganuku. Ka whakamana te kaiarotake ki a Matua Daniel; ka āhei e a ia kia hīkitia atu he maha o te hirawa, me kōura rānei, mai i te whenua. I te tau 1902, ka kite a Matua Daniel he hinu urutapu mai i te whenua o te Tangata Tongva (he taitata ki Ngā Ānahera ki Karapōnia). Ka tīmata ia tētahi kamapene hou, ka pāhua atu ia he hinu urutapu kia hoko. Ua ka mate tētahi kaimahi i te aituā, he mahi whakapani tōna tāne kōhungahunga. Ka whāngai tōna tāne e Matua Daniel. Ko te tāne (ko H.W. tōna ingoa) te hoa kaipakihi o Matua Daniel, engari ki te whakaaro o te kōrero anake. Me te aha, tinihangatia ai a ngā kaiwhakarato moni e Matua Daniel, nāna nei i rūkahu ki a rātou mō te teka o te "tangata whānau" ia.

I te tau 1911, ka whakatata atu a Matua Daniel e Paul Sunday, he rangatahi, nāna nei i kōrero atu o tētahi kenepuru hinu urutapu kei raro i te kāinga o tōna whānau, ki te taone o Little Boston. Ka hīkoi Matua Daniel rāua ko H.W. ki te kāinga kōra. I tūtaki a Matua Daniel e Eli Sunday, ko te māhanga tino ōrite o Paul ia. He kaikauhau pōrangi a Eli i Little Boston; ka whakapono hoki ia he poropiti ia. Ka mahi nanakia a Matua Daniel. Ka whakamātau ia kia māminga te whānau kia whakapono ka pīrangi kia mahi manu ia te koera ki kōnei, nā reira ka taea a ia kia kaitaonga te whenua mā te utu noa iho o $3,700. Kīhai a Eli e whakapono te rūkahu, nō te mea i mōhio ia o te ranea o hinu urutapu kei raro i te whenua nei. Ka tono a Eli he utu o $10,000, kia hanga tōna hāhi, ki te whakawhiti te whenua ki Matua Daniel. Āminetia ana e te iwi. Ka kaitaonga te whenua katoa e Matua Daniel, hāunga te whenua o tētahi kiritata, kō William Bandy, nō te mea kīhai a Matua Daniel e manatū kia whiriwhiri me ko Bandy rāua i te hokonga o te whenua.

Ka tīmata a Matua Daniel me ōna kaimahi kia hanga tō rātou puna hinu urutapu. Tonutonu mai a Eli ki a Matua Daniel hei āheitanga kia whakapai ai te puna, kia kore ai e mau te hapori e te puna me tōna mahi hao kino. E mea ana a Matua Daniel kia tuku a Eli kia whakapai, engari ua tae mai te rā o te tīmata, ka whātuturi a Daniel ki te pīrangi o te rangatahi pōrangi. Haurapatia ai mō te hinu urutapu, engari, he aituā e rua i te haere. Ka mate a tētahi kaimahi, ko Joe Gundha, nō te mea ka hinga iho tētahi kurupae kei runga i tōna upoko. Kātahi, pakū ana te haurehu mai te puna, turikere tērā ngā taringa i a H.W. Ka urupatua te tīrewa puna e te ahi nō te pakū hoki. E ai ki a Eli, i haere te aituā nō te mea kīhai a Matua Daniel e tuku ki a ia kia whakamānawa tika te puna. Me hoki, kāore anō a Matua Daniel kia utu mai ki a Eli te moni i taurangitia. Ka tono a Eli ki a Matua Daniel mā te moni, engari ka patua me whakapāpaku a Eli e Daniel. A te pō nei, ka patua a te matua o Eli e tōna tāne, nā te mea i hinga iho ia ki te whakangaio a Matua Daniel.

Ka tae mai tētahi tangata ki te tatau o te whare o Matua Daniel, ka kī a ia ko Henry tōna ingoa. E ki a Henry, ko te teina haurua o Matua Daniel ia, nō te taha o tō rāua matua. Ka pai te tūtaki, ā, ka whakamahia a Henry e Matua Daniel. Ka tutungi a H.W. tō rātou whare ki mate ai a Henry, nā te mea he hae a H.W. o te whanaungatanga kei wanganui o Henry me Matua Daniel. Tineia katoa te ahi e te tāngata e rua. Ka tukua atu a H.W e Matua Daniel ki tētahi kura mā tangata pūwharawhara, ki Hana Paraniko. Ka pīrangi tētahi kaiwhakarite nō Standard Oil kia hoko te whenua hinu urutapu i kaitaonga a Matua Daniel. Ka āmine a Matua Daniel kia tuku tana puna hinu urutapu i hanga ki Ngā Puke Coyote, engari ka meko ia āna whenua hinu urutapu ki Little Boston. Mahue kē ka āmine a Matua Daniel ki tētahi whakaaetanga me Union Oil (he hoa kakari o Standard Oil), kia hanga tētahi ngongo kōhinu ki te tai Karapōnia. Engari, kei taumahatanga ai te whenua o Bandy mō Matua Daniel.




Marfa, Tekahaha. Ka whakamahi ētahi mea o tēnei kiriata kei roto i te taone, ki te takiwā o te Iwi Jumano, Lipan Apache, me Mescalero Apache.