Tianjin

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Tianjin / 天津
—  Tāone nui  —
Ko Tianjin he tāone o Haina.
Ko Tianjin he tāone o Haina.
China Tianjin.svg
Pae: 31°12′0″N 121°30′0″E / 31.2, 121.5
Whenua Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Haina
Mana rohe
Kāwanatanga
 - Kahika Huang Xingguo
Rahi
 - Katoa 11,760 km² (4,541 sq mi)
Taupori (2009)
 - Katoa 5,066,129
 - Kiato 430.8/km² (1,115.6/sq mi)
Wāhi taima CET (UTC)
 - Raumati (DST) CEST (UTC+8)
Tohu waea +22
Paetukutuku: www.tj.gov.cn

Ko Tianjin (reo Hainamana: 天津; Pinyin: Tiānjīn) he tāone o Haina. E 5,066,129 te taupori i te 2010. E 11760 km² tōna rahinga whenua.

Te whenua te wahi i hanga Tianjin he i tenei ra i roto i te mau taime onamata i te parataiao o te maha awa ki te moana i roto i te Moana o Bohai, tae atu ki te awa Kōwhai, i haere mai ki te moana i roto i tenei rohe mahana.

Ko te whakatuwheratanga o te Grand Canal o Haina i roto i te Sui whare ue'i te whanaketanga o Tianjin i roto i te mall. Tae noa ki 1404, i huaina Tianjin na'e "Zhigu" (直沽) e te tikanga tauranga tika. I roto i taua tau, whakaingoatia Emperor Yongle te pa kia rite ki Tianjin, uhingá ko e "mōkihi te rangi 'ki te korero ki (te Tama a te rangi) whitinga o te awa i taua wāhi i te Hiha. I muri whakapumautia he pa i roto i Tianjin, e mohiotia ana ko "Tianjin Wei" (天津 卫), te 'Fort o Tianjin'.

Kua i roto i te rau tau tekau, e korero ana o Tianjin hei nui ki te rokiroki taonga i ētahi atu wāhi takutai. I roto i te 1604 i te taiepa a tawhio noa te pa, i tukua ki a ia kia haere tonu i hanga ki te kake.

I whakatairangatia ana Tianjin ki te prefecture i roto i te 1725. Tianjin County i whakapumautia i raro i te prefecture i roto i te 1731.

I roto i te Pakanga Tuarua o te mua i te tau 1858, ka riro te pa i te hōia Franco-Ingarangi. I te tau 1901, e tika ana ki te wawaotanga o te Boxer whakatikanga ake, ka kingi te pa i ngā māngai o te iwi noho (Russia, UK, Japan, Tiamana, France, EE. Uu., Austria-Hungary me Itari). Ahakoa pa te pa kia pule'i i 1902 e Qing mana tae noa ki te mutunga o te Pakanga II o te Ao. nga iwi e noho ana e kore e tukuange ōkawatia mana o nga whārangi o 1901; hei tauira Italy pai i roto i te tau 1947 ki te Tiriti o Paris.

I te 1945, ka Tianjin he turanga mo hōia US. I roto i te Hakihea 1946, meinga te rape i te hoia i roto i te mautohe ākonga Beijing nga tangata o te pa i arahina ki te withdrawal o ngā hōia i roto i te tau 1947.

Tomo ngā hōia Kominiusi te pa i runga i te 15 o Hānuere 1949. Mai ka, kua Tianjin kua he municipality anake i roto i te wā i waenganui i 1958 me 1967, ka hanga e ia tetahi wahi o Hebei Province.


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Tianjin